Personal Construct Psychology, Radical Constructivism, and Social Constructionism: A Dialogue

New article published:

Efran, J. S., McNamee, S., Warren, B., & Raskin, J. D. (2014). Personal construct psychology, radical constructivism, and social constructionism: A dialogueJournal of Constructivist Psychology, 27(1), 1-13. doi: 10.1080/10720537.2014.850367


This article presents a dialogue about personal construct psychology, radical constructivism, and social constructionism. The dialogue is based on a symposium conducted in July 2011 at the 19th International Congress on Personal Construct Psychology. Jay Efran, Sheila McNamee, and Bill Warren were the participants, with Jonathan Raskin as moderator. The dialogue addresses points of contact and divergence across these three theories, how these theories deal with the issue of relativism, and how theorists from these three perspectives might best “go on” together.


Ethics Chapter Published

New book chapter on ethics! Read it for free online. Printable electronic copies and hard copies can be purchased from the publisher.

Raskin, J. D., & Debany, A. E. (2012). The inescapability of ethics and the impossibility of “anything goes”: A constructivist model of ethical meaning-making. In S. Cipolletta & E. Gius (Eds.), Ethics in action: Dialogue between knowledge and practice (pp. 13-32). Milan, Italy: LED. Available in PDF format

From the introductory section of the chapter:

“In our understanding of constructivism, ethics is unavoidable because people are always embedded in ethical perspectives that infuse everything they do. ‘Anything goes’ is never an option, even if what goes varies by person. After distinguishing three versions of constructivist theory, we briefly summarize and counter various criticisms that portray constructivism as endorsing an ‘anything goes’ relativism. Then we outline a constructivist model of ethical meaning-making.”

Updated “Constructivism in Psychology” Article

An updated version of my 2002 online article, “Constructivism in psychology: Personal construct psychology, radical constructivism, and social constructionism,” is now available at this web address:

This version includes some copy editing corrections (most importantly, Ernst von Glasersfeld’s last name is now spelled correctly in this version) and an updated list of web links (the links in the original article are nearly 10 years old and many are no longer active or have changed; new links of sites added since 2002 have also been added).

The original version remains available on the American Communication Journal site.

Full reference:

Raskin, J. D. (2002). Constructivism in psychology: Personal construct psychology, radical constructivism, and social constructionismAmerican Communication Journal5(3). Retrieved from (Simultaneously published in Studies in meaning: Exploring Constructivist Psychology, pp. 1-25, by J. D. Raskin & S. K. Bridges, Eds., 2002, New York: Pace University Press) Available online in HTML Available in PDF format [HTML link is original version; pdf link is updated version]