Professor Jessica Pabon
Gender and Sexuality in Hip Hop Culture
Annotated Bibliography for Hip Hop Feminism Wikipedia Page
Stereotypes in hip hop
“The Crunk Feminist Collection” by Brittney C.Cooper, Susaha M.Morris and Robin M.Boylorn
Is a collection of essays that was written for mamas,your homegirls,and each other. It creates a safe space of support and camaraderie for hip hop generation feminist of color,queer and straight. The women who created this “Holy Book” consider themselves feminist because they believe that gender, and it construction through white, patriarchal capitalist.
“Feminism and Hip Hop” by Emerald L. Christopher-Byrd St. James Encyclopedia of Hip Hop Culture. Ed. Thomas Riggs. Farmington Hills, MI: St. James Press, 2018.p166-170.
“Feminism and Hip Hop” is a encyclopedia that “argued the lyrics and videos of both men and women rappers objectify women, promote violence against women, and perpetuate stereotypes about women of color.” men may be seen as the face of Hip Hop but in this enclapida it states that the real face of Hip Hop are the face of African American women such as Queen Latifah, Salt-N-Pepa, MC Lyte,Lil’ Kim,Missy Elliott,Lauryn Hill,Foxy Brown,Da Brat, Eve,Trina,R&B girl group TLC,The Lady of Rage.
Vixen resistin’: Redefining Black womanhood in hip-hop music videos. Journal of Black Studies.studies. By Balaji, Murali
Black women and there image had changed over the years. In the Hip Hop culture who controls the image of a black women? A black women may be able to control the image of herself but who controls the sexual image of her body ? “Vixen resistin” shows its readers whos really incontrol and who will profit of of the black woman’s body. Vixen Resistin emphasis the physical aspects of Black womanhood and how its amplified in music videos, where sex is often used to sell both the performer and the image of the performer also known as the vixenn. race is deployed within pop music videos to not only delimit or sanction sexual behavior, but also sex and gender signify race.From a standpoint of critical media studies, these images speak to the idea regarding ownership of representation. Sexualized, stereotype content has been replicated for mass consumption, often countervailing any attempts to present Black women in nonsexualized and non objectified ways.
“Misogyny in Rap” by Maxwell Williams St. James Encyclopedia of Hip Hop Culture. Ed. Thomas Riggs. Farmington Hills, MI: St. James Press, 2018. p297-301.
Misogyny in rap contribute to the social devaluation of women (specifically black women), the development of harmful gender relations, and the normalization of this violent ideology.sociologists Ronald Weitzer and Charis E. Kubrin observe five main misogynistic themes: derogatory naming and shaming of women, sexual objectification of women, distrust of women, legitimation of violence against women, and celebration of prostitution and pimping. The objectification of women is portrayed from may geras of music but it is very prevalent in Hip Hop. This article contains lyrics from many artist like Snoop Dogg and Dr.dre and many more. These artist use the word money as an excuse for them to continue to make the music that sells. They also use misogynist language with their music.
From my four sources I basically explorer 4 stereotypes they are “Misogyny in Rap”, “Vixen resistin”,“Feminism and Hip Hop” and “The Crunk Feminist Collection”. These 4 stereotypes all occurred in past and present Hip Hop. Each summary represents arguments and counterarguments to highly debated aspects of Hip Hop culture.
I believe it is very important that one knows that hypermasculinity plays a role in hip hop feminism. There are a lot of preconceived notions when it come to hip hop, but one that comes along with the genre is the shunning and the excluding of strong independent women. According to men some women in the Hiphop industry must make them feel threatened. The real face of Hip Hop are the face of African American women such as Queen Latifah, Salt-N-Pepa, MC Lyte,Lil’ Kim,Missy Elliott,Lauryn Hill,Foxy Brown,Da Brat, Eve,Trina,R&B girl group TLC,The Lady of Rage. These women hold empowering words with black girl magic. Hip hop encourages the misogyny and violence from the lyrics in songs and hypermasculinity. Because of this women have to work 2x harder than men to get respected in hip hop, not just in terms of skill but in character and personality . A perfect example of one female who faced all of this in the Hip hop game was Nicki Minaj. She demanded respect from everyone she worked with and she claimed not just her body so no man would do it, but she claimed the body of a man as well. Because most of the lyrics used in hip hop are degrading and violent onto women they sometimes lead to the abuse of women. Songs sometimes have an effect on people that is why one must sensore the type of music being played because it very impressionable .Women in the hiphop industry have faced oppression from there own men of color. They have been waterdown for too long and silenced from doing and saying what they wanted. The women who who fought against this popular genres oppression from within can also be seen as feminist but is it right to call them that ?
But the women in hip hop know first hand what misogyny in rap is all about and the lyrics in hip hop songs.. This also connects to the idea of hypermasculinity. Mannly because a lot of these lyrics are about objectifying women. Another part about this second piece talks about music videos and how they showcase the video vixen/ video hoe as a object used in the background to gain the interest of horndogs to boost the view of the video. The women who aren’t treated as such are usually not equal to the male puppet. This discourages women from wanting to be apart of hip hop and will, playing into women not making money off of their assets.
The subjects of these article showed me why women in the Hiphop industry rarely make it. Because the industry that is supposed to be supporting them is supporting music and the artist that is objectifying these women for a quick buck, makes it hard. I believe that all of the topics that I choose to write about under the stereotype of Hip Hop will make a great donation to wikipedia especial Misogyny in Rap.