Evolutionary Constructivism and Humanistic Psychology Article Published

Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical PsychologyMy article, “Evolutionary Constructivism and Humanistic Psychology,” was published in print form this week. Full reference and abstract below.

Raskin, J. D. (2012). Evolutionary constructivism and humanistic psychology. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, 32(2), 119-133. doi:  10.1037/a0025158

Abstract:

An evolutionary constructivist approach combining Donald Campbell’s selection theory (also known as evolutionary epistemology) with constructivist theories is discussed as it pertains to four issues typically associated with humanistic approaches to psychology: (a) embodiment, (b) agency, (c) human science, and (d) becoming. Ways in which selection theory informs these four issues by adding a naturalistic approach to the usual humanities-oriented emphasis of humanistic psychology are presented. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

Print Version of Essences Article Published

Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical PsychologyMy article, “On Essences in Constructivist Psychology,” was published in print form this week. Full reference and abstract below.

Raskin, J. D. (2011). On essences in constructivist psychologyJournal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology31(4), 223-239. doi: 10.1037/a0025006

Abstract:

The notion of essence in psychology is examined from a constructivist viewpoint. The constructivist position is summarized and differentiated from social constructionism, after which constructs are distinguished from concepts in order to position ontology and epistemology as modes of construing. After situating constructivism in relation to philosophical approaches to essences, the distinction between essences and kinds is examined and the presumed constructivist critique of essences in psychology outlined. It is argued that criticizing constructivism as an “anything goes” form of antirealism fails to grasp how constructivist psychology, by emphasizing structure and viability, does indeed place limits on the constructions people may hold. In applying a constructivist understanding of essences in general to those fundamental to human psychology, people can be seen as having three essential psychological qualities: they are closed systems, active meaning-makers, and irreducibly social beings. Yet a constructivist view also maintains that these psychological essences only hold while operating within and committed to a constructivist perspective. In other words, what counts as an essence always depends on one’s assumptions, or how one construes events. Finally, a personal construct theory model of essentialist and nonessentialist construing is introduced based on the assumption that everyone construes in both essentialist and nonessentialist ways at different times because doing so is pragmatically viable. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved)

Evolutionary Constructivism Article In Press

Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical PsychologyMy article, “Evolutionary Constructivism and Humanistic Psychology,” has been accepted for publication in the Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology. Here is the article’s abstract:

An evolutionary constructivist approach combining Donald Campbell’s selection theory (also known as evolutionary epistemology) with constructivist theories is discussed as it pertains to four issues typically associated with humanistic approaches to psychology: (1) embodiment, (2) agency, (3) human science, and (4) becoming. Ways in which selection theory informs these four issues by adding a naturalistic approach to the usual humanities-oriented emphasis of humanistic psychology are presented.

Essences Article Accepted for Publication

My article, “On Essences in Constructivist Psychology,” has been accepted for publication in the Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology. It should appear in late 2011 or early 2012. Here is the article’s abstract:

Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical PsychologyThe notion of essence in psychology is examined from a constructivist viewpoint. The constructivist position is summarized and differentiated from social constructionism, after which constructs are distinguished from concepts in order to position ontology and epistemology as modes of construing. After situating constructivism in relation to philosophical approaches to essences, the distinction between essences and kinds is examined and the presumed constructivist critique of essences in psychology outlined. It is argued that criticizing constructivism as an “anything goes” form of anti-realism fails to grasp how constructivist psychology, by emphasizing structure and viability, does indeed place limits on the constructions people may hold. In applying a constructivist understanding of essences in general to those fundamental to human psychology, people can be seen as having three essential psychological qualities: they are closed systems, active meaning-makers, and irreducibly social beings. Yet a constructivist view also maintains that these psychological essences only hold while operating within and committed to a constructivist perspective. In other words, what counts as an essence always depends on one’s assumptions, or how one construes events. Finally, a personal construct theory model of essentialist and nonessentialist construing is introduced based on the assumption that everyone construes in both essentialist and nonessentialist ways at different times because doing so is pragmatically viable.