Alternatives to DSM-5 Suitable for Therapists (Advance Online Publication)

Cover of Journal of Humanistic PsychologyRecent research suggests that psychologists and counselors are dissatisfied with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition, and open to seeing the development of alternatives to it. Any alternative suitable for psychotherapists must meet certain requirements. A successful alternative must (a) place psychosocial factors on equal footing with biological factors; (b) categorize problems, not people; (c) be scientifically grounded; (d) be collaboratively developed; and (e) be usable across orientations, professions, and constituencies.

Special Issue on Ethics Available as Advance Online Publications

JCP coverI have two articles in a special issue on ethics slated to appear in the Journal of Constructivist Psychology. The articles are currently available as advance online publications. Details and links below.

Special Issue: Constructivism and Ethical Meaning-Making: A Target Article and Responses

 

Counselor Attitudes Toward DSM-5 Article Published

Dr. Michael C. Gayle and I have coauthored a research article on counselor attitudes toward the DSM-5. The article appears in the November 2017 issue of the Journal of Humanistic Psychology.

Reference

Gayle, M. C., & Raskin, J. D. (2017). DSM-5: Do counselors really want an alternative? Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 57(6), 650-666. doi: 10.1177/0022167817696839

Abstract

The results of a survey exploring counselor attitudes toward the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) are presented. The survey revealed that counselors have mixed attitudes toward the DSM. They view DSM positively and see it as both beneficial to their profession and important in determining treatment. They also believe that DSM-5 revisions reflect the best science available. Counselors worry that the DSM prioritizes diagnosis over treatment, have concerns about proposed DSM-5 revisions, and support developing alternatives to the DSM.

Counselor Attitudes about DSM-5 Paper Available as Advance Online Publication

My coauthored article with Mike Gayle on counselor attitudes toward the DSM-5 is now available as an advance online publication. Check it out.

Reference

Gayle, M. C., & Raskin, J. D. (2017). DSM-5: Do counselors really want an alternative? Journal of Humanistic Psychology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/0022167817696839

Abstract

The results of a survey exploring counselor attitudes toward the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) are presented. The survey revealed that counselors have mixed attitudes toward the DSM. They view DSM positively and see it as both beneficial to their profession and important in determining treatment. They also believe that DSM-5 revisions reflect the best science available. Counselors worry that the DSM prioritizes diagnosis over treatment, have concerns about proposed DSM-5 revisions, and support developing alternatives to the DSM.

Newly Published: “DSM-5: Do Psychologists Really Want an Alternative?”

The first of my two coauthored articles (with Mike Gayle) on professionals’ attitudes toward the DSM has been published in the September 2016 issue of the Journal of Humanistic Psychology. Here’s the reference and abstract: 

Raskin, J. D., & Gayle, M. C. (2016). DSM-5: Do psychologists really want an alternative? Journal of Humanistic Psychology56(5), 439-456. doi: 10.1177/0022167815577897

JHP-vol56-iss5-2016DSM-5: Do Psychologists Really Want an Alternative?

Jonathan D. Raskin and Michael C. Gayle
State University of New York at New Paltz, NY, USA

Abstract

Only two published studies, both from the early 1980s, have specifically examined psychologist attitudes toward the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). The current article rectifies this by presenting the results of a recent survey of attitudes toward the DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5. Though the DSM has changed over the years, psychologist attitudes toward it have remained remarkably consistent. Although more than 90% of psychologists report using the DSM, they are dissatisfied with numerous aspects of it and support developing alternatives to it—something that psychologists over 30 years ago supported, as well. The finding that almost all psychologists use the DSM despite serious concerns about it raises ethical issues because professionals are ethically bound to only use instruments in which they are scientifically confident.

Book Chapter on Integrative Constructivism

1118508319Forthcoming chapter on integrative constructivism in The Wiley handbook of personal construct psychology:

Excerpt:

Personal construct psychologists have historically had an uneasy relationship with constructivism. Some have objected to it on philosophical grounds, arguing that George Kelly’s (1955, 1991a, 1991b) personalconstruct psychology (PCP) is best viewed as a critical realist, not constructivist, approach (Noaparast, 1995; Stevens, 1998; Warren, 1998). Others have worried that constructivism has the potential to overshadow PCP, placing the latter in a precarious position (Fransella, 1995, 2007). Others still have argued that constructivism is broad and ill-defined—or, at the very least, is less theoretically and methodologically developed than PCP (Fransella, 1995; Winter, 2014). These concerns arise in part because constructivism and its precise relationship to PCP typically go unspecified. To remedy this, I present four premises of an integrative constructivism and address how PCP—in conjunction with other forms of constructivism—both fits within it and contributes to it. My goal is to offer a meta-framework that lets PCP maintain its own integrity as a theoretical unity, while also offering a set of shared premises that permit PCP’s inclusion under a superordinate integrative constructivist banner.

Full reference:

Raskin, J. D. (2016). Personal construct psychology in relation to an integrative constructivism. In D. A. Winter & N. Reed (Eds.), The Wiley handbook of personal construct psychology (pp. 34-44). London, England: Wiley-Blackwell.